Roulette is the oldest casino game, meaning “little wheel” in French. Its history extends to the stories of ancient Roman and Chinese times when people played gambling games on rotating wheels. Roulette was one such game that was invented in 17th century France by Blaise Pascal, a mathematician, who wanted a betting game. This game traveled all over Europe and was extremely popular in Germany for a short while, after which it was introduced to Monaco. Here, it enjoyed so much popularity that it spawned the new gambling town of Monte Carlo. Soon, roulette became a very stylish and glamorous gambling town and a fashion statement for the fashionable and wealthy.
In 1842, King Charles III of Monaco was keen to get over his financial problems in his tiny kingdom of Monaco and decided to do this by building a casino. For this, the two Blanc brothers, Francois and Louis, specially devised a roulette wheel. They did this by building a single “0” roulette wheel because they believed that this would give the casino a house edge and would never be loss-making for anyone running a casino. Once the wheel was designed and set up for the kingdom of Monaco and its subjects, it became a dependable source of income for the cash-strapped king.
Soon, roulette became the icon of Monte Carlo’s posh and extravagant lifestyle and is still regarded as a conventional home of gambling in Europe. After this, there was a lull in the history of this game, until it went across the Atlantic Ocean to the United States when the Gold Rush was on. Who didn’t want to try their hand at gambling, considering they had so much of spare cash? When the Americans took to this game, they modified it slightly so that they added yet another zero to make it a double zero. The chief difference between the French form of this game and the American is the use of the single zero (French) and the double zero (American).
Despite this, roulette is more popular in Europe because of its origin there and also because this version of the game has half the house advantage that the American version enjoys. Therefore, it offers a better winning chance to any player rather than its American counterpart. Ever since then, this game has become so popular that it is seen at every casino. When in the 1990s, the Internet was invented, roulette went online—a step that only further increased its popularity and made it open up to a whole new generation of players.